Did Cooperators Evolve from the Apes

Thursday, 27 September 2007 11:26

By Joe Romano, Marketing Manager

Cooperate and nobody gets hurt.
-William Tilghman. In Matt Braun’s pulp novel, Outlaw Kingdom

Humans are a unique and unusual species. We are the only living primates in North America. Oddly, we are distinct from other mammals in that we cannot drink and breathe at the same time. (We can breathe and chew gum at the same time however.) We stand upright. We have very elaborate speech patterns and facial mobility. Most of us have no fur on our bodies. We have generalized teeth that allow for a very opportunistic omnivore’s diet. Small litters (usually one) and elaborate social structures are also unique features we share with only a few other primates. And of course, we have the specialized, opposable thumb which provides us with hands built for both power and precision. We can ball a fist or pen a treaty, hurl a spear or play a violin.

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Solar Power: Finally Within Reach

Tuesday, 04 September 2007 11:48

By Micaela Cook, Citzenre Representitive

Solar power is gaining popularity and attention in mainstream America, but solar technology has reliably producing clean power for decades, in fact, many photovoltaic systems installed in the 70s are still operating today. Today’s typical solar cells have conversion efficiencies of 15 to 20%, but research and development programs aim to increase that to greater than 50%. While solar cells are already used for calculators, watches, satellites, remote telecommunications devices, municipal lighting, off-grid, and grid-tied power, solar energy also offers many possibilities for a sustainable future. Each day, 89 petawatts (that’s 89 followed by 15 zeros) of sunlight reach the earth’s surface. That is almost 6,000 times more than the 15 terawatts of average power consumed daily by humans. As technology improves, and more of this energy is harvestable through photovoltaic (PV) cells, greater quantities of ground-level air pollution emissions will be avoided. Non-renewable sources of power are the greatest source of this type of pollution.  Additionally, solar electric generation has the highest power density (global mean of 170 watts per square meter) among renewable energies, and this is without releasing any greenhouse gases whatsoever.

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Education that Nutures

Wednesday, 01 August 2007 06:40

By Dr. Deanna Berman and Bill Strauss

In today’s highly competitive world, one educational approach stands out in its embrace of children as both spiritual and physical beings. The Waldorf approach cherishes childhood and contends that children need the chance to imagine, create, connect to their physical world, and be participants in a social community as an essential part of a healthy life.

In this way, the early years of a Waldorf education focus on the expressive arts of song, dance, music, language, hand-work, and a variety of artistic mediums. In this setting, the work of the child is to play and create, imagine and sing, while learning social skills of timing, rhythm, and cooperation. With this focus, the “push” to learn and the “race” for grades are almost non-existent. This approach inherently leads to a greater sense of social health and well-being. Given the sickness and stress many of us see see in our own lives, perhaps letting our children have an opportunity to experience themselves through their head, heart, and hands, to learn reverence for the environment and participate in activities that foster healthy society makes more sense than ever.

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    co-op-bookWhat is a co-op? This seemingly straightforward question can elicit a wide range of responses, from visceral and intrinsic to completely organizational and economic. According to the International Cooperative Association, "A co-operative is an autonomous association of persons unite...

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